Sandwiched between the mountainous peaks of the Himalaya and the sweltering plains of India, this small country offers a rich and diverse range of attractions for the discerning traveller.
The landscape varies from the steamy jungles of the Chitwan National Park on the border with India to the precipitous slopes of the high Himalayas on the Tibetan border.
Roughly 500 miles east to west and 150 miles south to north the geography can be split into three distinct zones. The Terai is a slim lowland strip running along the southern border with India and is predominantly marshy grassland, savannah and forest. As the forest is cleared the region is becoming ever more agricultural in nature. The Terai is also home to three significant National Parks the most famous of which is Chitwan in the central area, with Koshi Tappu in the east and Bardia in the west. The Middle Hills range from 600 to 3500 metres and are divided into three separate areas: the Siwalik zone, the Mahabharat and the Pahad.Himal is the mountain region containing snow and situated in the Great Himalayan Range; it makes up the northern part of Nepal. It contains the highest elevations in the world including 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) high Mount Everest (Sagarmāthā in Nepali) on the border with China. Seven other of the world’s “eight-thousanders” are in Nepal or on its border with China: Lhotse, Makalu, Cho Oyu, Kangchenjunga, Dhaulagiri, Annapurna and Manaslu.
Nepal experiences five seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and spring. The Himalaya block cold winds from Central Asia in the winter and forms the northern limit of the monsoon wind patterns.